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Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most serious chronic complications of diabetes. In early stage, the kidney damage can be reversed. Diabetic nephropathy is divided into five stages, each having different symptoms.
Stage 1: Kidneys enlarge in size and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is higher than normal.GFR can exceed 130ml/min.In this stage, the patients have no clinical symptoms.
Stage 2:The kidney structure has changed with kidney enlargement, basement membrane thickening and expansion of mesangial area.Protein can be noticed in urine after intense physical activity.
Stage 3: Stage 3 diabetic nephropathy comes after patients have suffered from Diabetes for 5 to 15 years. In this stage,microalbumin can be found in urine.GFR is higher or normal.High blood pressure occurs in 1/5 cases.
Stage 4: Stage 4 diabetic nephropathy is characterized by large amounts of protein in urine, more than 0.5 g/d. Approximately 60~70% of the patients develop high blood pressure and edema. GFR starts to decline.
Stage 5:Stage 5 diabetic nephropathy is the end stage renal failure (ESRD). It occurs among patients with 15~30 years’ history of diabetes.
The above are the diabetic nephropathy stages and symptoms in different stages.In early stage, the kidney damage can be reversed completely by tight control of blood sugar level.However,once proteinuria occurs, the kidney function will decline at a fast speed. Eventually, when kidneys fail, the patients will have to require Dialysis or Kidney Transplant.
To stop the serious kidney damage, effective treatment should be adopted early.As the kidney damage results from diabetes, the patients should choose treatments to control diabetes and kidney damage simultaneously.
The combined therapy of Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy and Tangyankang is an alternative treatment for diabetic nephropathy. These two therapies can improve the utilization of insulin and reduce insulin resistance as well as activate the self-healing system of the body. Thus, it can treat diabetes and kidney disease effectively at the same time. In this way, the patients with diabetic nephropathy will avoid developing kidney failure.