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An accurate diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) should be the first step to treat this disease. Various conditions can cause CKD. If you have a long history of diabetes and now are diagnosed with CKD, your CKD may be suspected to be caused by Diabetes. Hence, what tests should be done to see if CKD is caused by diabetes?
Generally speaking, the following tests are able to detect the reasons for Chronic Kidney Disease.
- Blood glucose test: If your diabetes history has been above 5 years or your blood glucose is always uncontrolled well, kidney involvement occurs easily.
- Microalbumin test: This test can detect small amounts of protein in urine to see if kidneys are leaking protein into urine. Proteinuria is a sign of diabetic kidney disease.
- 24-hour urine volume: Normally, adults’ 24-hour urine volume ranges from 1,000ml to 1,500 ml. Urine volume can reflect glomerular filtration function and renal tubular reabsorption. The decline of urine volume in 24 hours can also reveal diabetic kidney disease, or diabetic nephropathy.
- Creatinine: It is an indicator of kidney damage when it increases. The normal level of creatinine is 0.5-1.1mg/dl for female adult, and 0.6-1.2mg/dl for male adult. The higher creatinine level, the more severe kidney damage.
- BUN: As with creatinine, BUN, or blood urea nitrogen, is also an indicator of kidney disease but not as reliable as creatinine.
- Creatinine clearance test: This test combines a 24-hour sample and blood test, and it is used commonly to measure kidneys’ filtration rate, also known as glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
Different patients need different combinations of test items. Here, there is a test list that suitable for various patients. If you want to get, you can leave a message below or consult the online doctor, we are glad to send you the test items you need to do.