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If we can detect and make an early diagnosis of Diabetic Nephropathy, we can adopt early and effective treatment to treat the disease promptly so as to prevent patients from progressing to Kidney Failure. What exams and tests are involved in the diagnosis of Diabetic Kidney Disease?
1. Conventional tests
▪ Microalbumin urine test. In the early stage, patients may only have a small amount of protein in the urine. This test can help detect very small amount of protein in urine.
▪ Creatinine test. This is a blood test which tells patients how their kidneys are working. Patients are recommended to do this test every year.
▪ Urine test and other blood tests. If your doctor suspect that the kidney damage is not caused by Diabetes, urine test and other blood tests can be done to detect the causes.
▪ Blood pressure test. It is important for people with Diabetic Kidney Disease to do this test, as blood pressure rises with the progression of kidney damage.
2. Immune special tests
● Kidney Damage Tests: to whether your kidney are injured or not; which part of your kidney are injured, glomeruli or renal tubules; How severity your kidney damages is; the tests offer directions for your doctor to choose drugs for you.
● Toxins in Blood Tests: to offer an overview of waste products in your blood, which helps your doctor choose right method to clean your blood. Various toxins need different blood dialysers. In addition, the tests give directions to improve your prognosis.
● Blood lipid tests: to determine if your levels of lipids increase; figure out the type of hyperlipidemia; guide to find the right method to lower levels of lipids.
These tests mainly include triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, etc. Eliminating excess blood lipids is important to decrease Diabetic Kidney Disease patient's risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and heart disease.