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Urinalysis and blood urine are simple and informative tests that can help detect kidney problem and the extent of kidney damage. For most patients with ESRD, they must be quite familiar with these two test items. Why do these patients need to do urinalysis and blood urine regularly? What can they know from their test report?
What are urinalysis and blood urine?
First of all, a urinalysis is a test of a sample of urine, and it includes three parts:
- Visual examination: If ESRD patients have blood in urine, their urine may look red or the color of cola or tea, while a lot of protein in urine can make the urine foamy.
- Dipstick examination: PH, protein, creatinine, sugar, bacteria and bilirubin can be tested out.
- Microscope examination: This is used to examine a small amount of urine under a precise machine, called microscope, in order to test the amount of red blood cells, white blood cells, crystals, etc.
Blood urine is a test for a sample of blood. From this test, you can know the level of creatinine, urea, sodium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, Hb, and so on, in your blood. Because kidneys are responsible for removing waste products and adjusting electrolyte balance, these blood tests can indicate how well kidneys are functioning.
What can ESRD patients get from urinalysis and blood urine?
After every examination, you can get the following information through comparing with the previous tests:
- Kidney function level and GFR
- Whether your medical condition aggravates or not
- The effect of your current treatment
- Medication changes
- Diet modification
If the test report shows your medical condition as well as kidney condition becomes better, you can continue to use them. Otherwise, you need to choose more effective and useful treatment to prevent the decline of kidney function and aggravation of your overall health condition.