Diabetes is hard to manage. You can get a comprehensive understanding of the disease here and get the information about the latest treatments and get professional advices. read more

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is a brand-new therapy based on traditional Chinese herbal medicines dating back thousands of years ago. It combines the essences of herbal medicines read more

Hormonal therapy is commonly used to treat Kidney Disease in clinic. It refers to use one or more than one hormone medicines to suppress the over-reactive immune reaction read more

Patients are suggested to treat kidney disease first before they get pregnant read more

If you are diagnosed with Kidney Disease, you should talk to your doctor about starting an exercise read more

Foods and Drinks play an important role in Kidney Disease patients read more

Kidney Disease News and Events read more

In every week, a famous experienced renal medicine specialist will be invited to help diagnose and evaluate inpatient's disease condition, offering detailed therapeutic schedule. read more

Font Size A A A

Routine Exams and Tests for End Stage Renal Disease (I)

2012-10-06 16:12

There a variety causes of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). In order to make a diagnosis of the disease, the doctors may required routine exams and tests as below.

I. Blood test.

▪ BUN and Scr. For people with ESRD, BUN>21.42mmol/L, Scr>442μmol/L. In the late stage of ESRD, BUN>28.6mmol/L, Scr>707μmol/L.

▪ Test of haemoglobin. The normal level of haemoglobin in adults is 110g/L. In ESRD, this level generally is <80g/L; while decreases to 20-30g/L in the late stage accompanied with decreased platelet level and elevated WBC level.

▪ Exams gas and acid-base of artery blood. In the stage of ESRD, especially of mid-to-late stage, the PH value will decrease, so will the levels of SB, AB, and BE. PaCO2 shows compensatory increase.

▪ Electrolytes test. Various electrolytes level including serum potassium, serum sodium, serum calcium, etc will become abnormal.

▪ Check-up of plasma protein. This level can be normal or decreased. In general, the plasma protein level of adults is about 60-80g/L.

II. Urinalysis

▪ Urine routine test. The result may very with different primary causes of ESRD. Patients may present protein and blood in the urine. There is possibly no obvious changes.

▪ Tests of urine volume and urine specific gravity.

Patients with oliguria have less than 400ml urine output in 24 hour. Urine molal osmotic concentration is about 280~300ml equivalent/kg. Urine sodium is often more than 40ml equivalent/l.

In the stage of ESRD, the urine specific gravity will decrease or is within fixed range (1.010-1.012). The urine output at night is more than that at daytime. Since there are many factors that can affect the SP, the result is not so accurate. It can be regarded as a reference other than a conclusive statistic for ESRD diagnosis.

For more information, continue read "Routine Exams and Tests for End Stage Renal Disease (II)".

If you send us email, please leave your phone number or WhatsApp/Viber (with country code) in email so that our renal expert can communicate with you timely and directly. We will do utmost to help you solve the problems.

What else you want to know:
Make An Appointment Beijing Tongshantang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
How can I get this treatment?
How can I get this treatment in my countries?
How much does this treatment cost?
What is the duration if I receive this treatment in your hospital?
What should I prepare to your hospital except visa?
How can I go to your hospital?

(+area code)Phone Number:
Whatsapp :
Disease Description:
contact us
esrd Questionnaire
patient story

Patient Story

Latest Articles

Kidney Disease:
Information :
symptoms treatment