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A healthy diet is very important for ESRD patients. Under normal circumstances, food provides the body with nourishment. The blood circulates these nutrients to the body's cells, and kidneys remove excess wastes and liquids. ESRD patients do not have this capability, but they can reduce the amount of wastes that build up by monitoring what they eat and drink. If you do not follow a healthy diet, your kidneys will work harder and your illness condition will be worsened.
First, you should control fluid intake. Fluids build up in the body, causing edema. These extra fluids will raise blood pressure and have a negative impact on the heart. If you have begun dialysis, you may urinate very little or not at all, and then fluid restriction between dialysis treatments is very important. Besides, in the daily life, you can use small glass to drink water.
Second, you should choose low-sodium foods, because sodium can cause the body to retain fluids and cause thirst. And if you take too much sodium food, it is also easy to get hypertension for you. Table salt, canned foods, salted snacks, and processed meats, like deli meats and sausage, are high in sodium.
Third, you should limit the intake of protein, because kidneys can not remove the wastes produced by protein metabolism. However, being on dialysis may permit patients to increase the intake of protein to some extent. What’s more, ESRD patients are encouraged to eat high quality protein foods such as fish, poultry, and egg whites. High quality proteins will help the body to build muscle and restore damaged tissue. Protein is also important for preventing infection.
Fourth, you should limit the intake of phosphorus. Your kidneys cannot get rid of extra phosphorus that builds up in your blood. This may cause your bones to lose calcium and weaken. Foods that are high in phosphorus include dairy products, beans, peas, nuts, grains, cocoa, beer, and cola drinks and so on. You can enjoy these low phosphorus foods, such as milk substitutes, non-dairy creamers, non-cola drinks, white rice, barley, couscous and so on.
What’s more, you should avoid the high potassium food, supply the necessary vitamins, and add calories to the diet.
What we eat has direct effect on our health. So attention should be paid on the healthy diet. Only in this way, can we manage our illness condition better. To get a personalized diet plan, you can send email to firstname.lastname@example.org and we are glad to help you.