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Kidney Failure

Definition

Renal Failure refers to a medical condition, in which the kidneys are unable to work adequately to filter blood and excrete wastes from body any longer. It can develop for decades known as Chronic Renal Failure or occur suddenly.

Symptoms

When kidney damage reaches certain degree, a myriad of symptoms will occur.

Kidney Failure basics

* Nausea

* Vomiting

* Fatigue

* Appetite loss

* Sleep problem

* Changes in urine output

* Swelling of every area of the body

* Skin itching

* Difficulty breath, if the lung is filled with fluid

* High blood pressure

* Mental problems

Causes

Chronic Renal Failure usually occurs as a result of a disease or condition which can impair kidney function. It can cause kidney damage to worsen over several months or years.

The common causes of Chronic Renal Failure include:

※Diabetes, leading cause of Chronic Renal Failure

※High blood pressure, second most common cause

※Glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the kidney's filtering units

※Polycystic Kidney Disease, a common genetic kidney disease

※Pyelonephritis, recurrent kidney infection

※Prolonged urinary tract obstruction due to enlarged prostate, kidney stones and some cancers

※Vesicoureteral reflux, a condition which can cause urine to back up into kidneys

Acute Renal Failure is mainly attributable to the following causes:

※Reduced blood flow to kidneys due to some causes, such as blood or fluid loss, blood pressure medications, heart attack, infection, severe burns, severe dehydration, use of nephrotoxic drugs.

※Direct damage to kidneys due to some diseases and conditions. These mainly include vasculitis, toxins, multiple myeloma, infection, blood clots in the veins and arteries in and around the kidneys, etc.

※ Urine blockage in the kidneys caused by diseases and conditions that can prevent the excretion of urine from body, thus leading to Acute Renal Failure. The conditions and causes that can cause urine blockage mainly include bladder cancer, cervical cancer, colon cancer , kidney stone, etc.

The above are some basic knowledge about Renal Failure. If you are wondering to know more information, our online family doctor may help.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

Kidney Failure symptoms

Renal Failure occurs when kidneys can no longer work normally to clean toxins and waste products from the blood. It can develop for decades asymptomatically for years or occurs suddenly. When it reaches advanced stage, a myriad of symptoms will appear:

Changes in urination

You may make more or less urine than usual, have urgent urination, changes in urine colors, foams in urine due to protein loss and increased urination at night.

Swelling

Swelling often appears in your feet, ankles, hands,or face. It occurs because kidneys fail to remove extra fluid from body.

Weakness

As kidneys lose their ability to function they become unable to clear waste products from the body. Meanwhile, the diseased kidneys can not produce enough red blood cells, thus resulting in anemia. This can result in weakness, fatigue, even if you have gotten enough sleep.

Shortness of breath

Renal Failure is sometimes confused with asthma or heart failure, because fluid can build up in the lungs.

Poor appetite

Excessive waste products in blood may affect digestion and appetite. You may have nausea, vomiting, appetite loss and even digestive tract bleeding. Also, you may have ammonia breath or an ammonia or mental taste in the mouth.

Skin problem

Chronic Renal Failure also affect skin. You may experience skin itching due to building of wastes in body, especially phosphorus.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure commonly occurs Chronic Renal Failure. It is due to building up of fluid in body and stimulation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system ( RASS). It is a major factor in accelerating renal function deterioration.

Anemia

When anemia occurs, you may experience fatigue, pale face, etc. Dangerous levels of wastes in body can affect the life span of red blood cells and impair healthy cells. Additionally, the impaired kidneys fail to produce erythropoietin which can stimulate the production of red blood cells.

The above are the main symptoms of Renal Failure. If you have one or several symptoms, you should discuss it with your doctor at once.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

Kidney Failure treatment

In Renal Failure, the kidneys are unable to work adequately to filter toxins from blood. Thus, treatment has to be used to take over the kidney, such as dialysis or kidney transplant or to be designed to improve renal function. The treatment options for Renal Failure worldwide mainly include:

Dialysis

Dialysis is a major replacement treatment for Renal Failure. It can take over a partial kidney function and filter middle-molecular toxins from blood. It is of significance in relieving symptoms and extending the patient's life expectancy. However, it does not possess endocrine function like producing renin or EPO. Additionally, the left toxins can do not more damage to kidneys. That is why the renal function still keeps deteriorating while you are on dialysis.

Kidney transplant

Kidney Transplant can help the patients with Renal Failure recover normal renal function by replacing the diseased kidneys with a new one. However, it is pretty hard to get a compatible donor and many patients on waiting list may die when they wait for their transplant. Meanwhile, some potential risks can not be preventable. Kidney rejection reaction is a big problem for patients. Lifetime dependence on immunosuppressive drugs can increase the risk of developing cancer, Diabetes and other diseases significantly. Additionally, Renal Failure may occur after transplant, especially in immune kidney diseases such as Lupus Nephritis, FSGS, Membranous Nephropathy.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is an integrated therapy of Chinese medicine and western medicine. It aims at treating Renal Failure by restoring impaired kidney structure and eliminating the harmful substances in body completely as well as controlling the underlying cause of kidney damage--immune dysfunction.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is a natural remedy and it develops on the basis of traditional Chinese medicine. It is featured by anti-inflammation, dilating blood vessels and degrading ECM and immune complexes. Therefore, it can increase oxygen and blood supply to kidney tissues and cells as well as clear up harmful substances from body completely. What's more, it can stimulate the regeneration of kidney tissues and cells by providing certain nutrients like trace elements, amino acid, vitamin, minerals.

Medicated bath

Skin is an important excretory organ in human body. It can filter extra fluids and certain toxins by perspiring. Medicated bath has two major effects when used to treat Renal Failure. On one hand, the effective medicine ingredients can seep into body through open pores and provide certain nutrients for restoring renal structure and immunity. On the other hand, some certain toxins like urea nitrogen can be filtered out from body by perspiring. In this way, it can reduce strain on kidneys greatly.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

Kidney Failure test

If you are suspected to have Renal Failure, the following tests and procedures can help you get a confirmed diagnosis and figure out the kidney damage degree as well as the underlying causes.

Routine tests:

1.Blood tests

Blood tests are used to look for the level of waste products such as creatinine and urea, in your blood. Their levels can tell you how your kidneys are functioning.

2.Imaging tests

Imaging tests are used to observe your kidney structure and size. In most cases, your kidney will diminish in size except some kinds of cystic kidney disease like Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD).

3.Renal biopsy

Renal biopsy may be recommended by your doctor. A sample of kidney tissues is removed for check. This test can help you determine what's the cause of your kidney problem.

4.Urine tests

By analyzing a sample of your urine, it can reveal abnormalities that point to Renal Failure and help identify the cause of Chronic Kidney Disease.

Special tests:

Some special tests may not be available in your local hospitals, but they are very important to the diagnosis of Renal Failure and guiding the following treatment. Based on your cause of Renal Failure and symptoms you present, some of the following tests will be recommended.

1.Kidney damage tests

Kidney damage tests have the following clinical significance:

※ Figure out if your kidneys are damaged.

※ Make out if the renal tubule is involved.

※ Tell the kidney damage degree to provide clinical guidance for clinical medication.

※ Evaluate if you are sensitive to the medications.

Tests for kidney damage mainly include U-TP, U-IGG,β2-M, U-malb, etc.

2.Urine protein electrophoresis test

Urine protein electrophoresis test is used to analyze the the urine protein component. It is designed:

※ Find out the source of protein in urine.

※ Evaluate if you are sensitive to medications you are having.

※ Distinguish it from other kidney diseases.

3.Urine protein selective index

Detection purposes of this test are as follows:

※ Tell the type of Glomerulonephritis.

※ Evaluate the prognosis of the disease.

※ Give guidance to clinical medication.

When SPI≤0.1, it is high selective urine protein. It shows that glomeruli only have mild damage and you are sensitive to hormone and immunosuppressive drugs. It implies a good prognosis.

When SPI >0.2, it is non-selective urine protein which implies severe kidney damage. Generally, the prognosis of the disease and reaction to medications are bad.

4.Complement in blood serum tests

The tests have two clinical significances. Firstly, it can tell the degree of complement activation and it is a sign of kidney disease activity. Complement tests include five items: C3,C4,CH50, C1q, B factor.

Toxins in blood tests

5.The tests for toxins in blood aim at:

※ Figure out the condition of accumulated toxins in body;

※ Determine the right clearance method to remove toxins and wastes from body. The toxins in blood mainly include uric acid, creatinine, urea nitrogen, homocysteine etc.

6.Lymphocyte subpopulation tests

As more than 95% cases of Kidney Disease is associated with immune dysregulation, it has important clinical significance.Lymphocyte subpopulation tests can evaluate the state of humoral immunity and cellur cellular immunity. The test results can give an important clinical guidance for clinical medications, particularly the types and dosage of immunosuppressive drugs.

7.Autoantibody Tests

Autoantibody tests are used for diagnosis of autoimmune disorder. The tests can tell the types and levels of potential antibodies in your body. They can tell the causes of Renal Failure.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

Kidney Failure knowledge

Renal Failure Can Affect Male Sexuality

Renal Failure can cause physical and emotional changes that may affect your sexuality. Below are some changes that a man with Renal Failure may experience which can affect sexuality.

Fatigue

Fatigue is commonly seen among people with Renal Failure. In the early stage of Renal Failure, low levels of toxins and wastes build up in body. This can make you feel tired. With the disease progression, the wastes and toxins in body can affect the red blood cells, thus resulting in anemia. It is a major cause of fatigue. Also, people with End Stage Renal Failure may experience tired feelings after dialysis sessions. Fatigue may make you feel too tired for sex.

Low sexual interest and/or sexual ability

The body's endocrine system produces chemicals that help maintain sexual interest and sexual ability. However, in Renal Failure, the chemical changes that occur in your body can affect the production of chemicals, circulation, nerve function and energy level. These changes usually lower sexual interest and/or sexual ability.

Body image

Many men may feel they may be less attractive because of their physical changes. Use of hormones can cause weight gain, unwanted hair growth. Build-up toxins in body can cause breath odor, skin problems. These issues can make you feel less attractive to your partner.

Psychological problem

When you are diagnosed with Renal Failure, you will feel worried, anxious and depressed. These emotions can cause energy loss and lower interest in sexual activities. You should take some exercise to relax yourself. It can help relieve your fear and other negative emotions.

Erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is commonly seen in male patients with Renal Failure and it can attribute to the sexual problem. Diabetes, high blood pressure can affect blood vessels. When blood vessels and nerves to the penis become damaged, erectile dysfunction will occur. Meanwhile, some medicines also can cause erectile function, particularly those taken to control blood pressure.

The above are the possible factors which can affect male sexuality. If you have the problem, you should talk to your doctor and find out its causes.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

Kidney Failure healthcare

Renal Diet for Renal Failure Patients

Renal Failure occurs when your kidneys are unable to remove all the wastes from your blood. These wastes from the foods you eat and the liquids you drink. In order to relieve the strain on your kidneys and reduce the production of wastes, a renal diet plays an important part in treating Renal Failure. The special diet for Renal Failure patients may the involve the restricting protein, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and liquids.

Protein

You need to have a tight control of the amount of protein in your diet. This can help reduce the urea nitrogen in your diet, helping your kidneys to work better. Foods loaded in proteins mainly include chicken, fish, eggs, and dairy products. Based on your overall illness and medical reports, your dietician will tell your how much protein to eat each day.

Phosphorus

When you develop Renal Failure, extra phosphorus will build up in your blood. As phosphorus works with calcium to keep the bones strong, building up of phosphorus can cause calcium to leave your bones and make them weak. Foods high in phosphorus mainly include dairy products, beans, peas and nuts. Also, some liquids also contain high phosphorus such as cola drinks and beer.

Potassium

Potassium is essential minerals to maintain the functions of heart, muscle and nerve. However, when you have Renal Failure, the kidneys will not be able to filter out potassium adequately. High potassium levels can cause irregular heart beat and even heart failure. You should avoid consumption of foods high in potassium, including bananas, oranges, chocolate, tomatoes, coffee, mushroom, etc.

Sodium

Swelling due to retention of sodium and fluid is commonly in Renal Failure. Eating foods high in sodium can aggravate this problem and high blood pressure. Table salt, canned foods, processed meats like deli meats and sausage,soups, and salted snacks are high in sodium and should be avoided.

Fluids

When the kidneys can not work properly any longer, they are unable to maintain normal fluid and electrolyte levels. This can cause swelling, puffiness, difficult breath and high blood pressure. To avoid or relieve these problems, fluid restriction is necessary for you.

The above is a general renal diet for Renal Failure. As the disease conditions vary from case to case, it is rational for you to consult your doctor before making dietary plan.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR Email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

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