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Top 10 Facts about Medullary Sponge Kidney

Provided by Expert Zhang Youkang on 2012-09-27 11:10

1. A Medullary Sponge Kidney, or Sponge Kidney, is congenital malformation of the kidney with cystic enlargement and calcification of the tubules-tiny tubes inside the kidneys.

2. This disease affects about 1 person per 5,000 to 20,000 people in the United States. Although some cases of this disorder seem to be inherited, usually the cause is not known.

3. Medullary Sponge Kidney is often asymptomatic. The symptoms do not occur until the ages of 30-40.

4. The initial sign of MSK is usually a kidney stone or UTI. These problems may lead to symptoms such as burning or painful urination, foul-smelling urine, cloudy-dark or bloody urine, vomiting, fevers and chills, and pain in the lower abdomen, back and the groin.

5. Mostly, Medullary Sponge Kidney is diagnosed after a patient is affected with recurring kidney infections, kidney stones or bleeding. In these cases, the physician will check for this disorder.

6. Test used to confirm the disease is an x ray called an intravenous pyelogram (IVP). This involves a dye injected into a vein, and travels through the bloodstream to the kidneys. Once it reaches the urinary tract, it makes the urine visible and shows any blockage.

7. Currently, no treatment is available to get rid of cysts in the affected kidneys. Therapies mainly focus on curing existing UTIs, removing the kidney stones, and prevent future formation of kidney stone and UTI.

8. Eat a proper diet is very important. Avoid salty foods, stimulating foods, contaminated foods, and broiled dishes. Patients with Renal Failure should also avoid high-protein and greasy foods.

9. Pay attention to daily health care. Do not do strenuous physical activity. Have regular check-ups. Avoids medicines that are toxic to the kidneys.

10. People with Medullary Sponge Kidney should maintain a positive attitude and be confident to fight off the disease. This also contributes to improving the body's immunity so as to conquer the disease.

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