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What Kind Of Diet Should Be Supplied For Kidney Disease In Children


Provided by Expert Zhang Youkang on 2018-09-28 10:44

Kidney Disease,DietLots of children are in Kidney Disease. Diet will help to treat, then What kind of diet should be supplied for kidney disease in children?

1. Limit sodium and water.

Remove edema and limit sodium and water. Low salt, salt free or sodium less diet should be given according to the condition.

2. Low protein diet.

Lighten kidney burden. Low protein diet should not be too long to prevent anemia. High quality protein such as eggs, milk, lean meat, fish and so on can be selected. Avoid beans and their products.

3. Multi choice food is alkaline food.

Uric acid is found in patients with acute glomerulonephritis, and pH in urine is regulated by food acid-base. The supply is alkaline food, so that the urine is near neutral, which is conducive to treatment.

4. The right amount of heat.

Serious need to rest in bed, reduce heat consumption, reduced activity can reduce appetite, so the daily supply of children with kidney disease dietary heat need not be too high.

5. Diet adequate vitamin supply.

6. Adequate carbohydrate and appropriate amount of fat.

Most of the dietary energy is supplied by carbohydrates. Adequate carbohydrates are added to prevent heat deficiency, and small amounts of protein supplied by food are used entirely for tissue repair and growth. It is advisable to add powder, dessert, jelly and so on.

7. Control potassium intake.

In the case of oliguria or without urine, the supply of potassium should be strictly controlled, and the water limit should be less than 500 milliliters per day.

Primary nephropathy is common in children. The main pathological changes are increased glomerular basement membrane permeability. The clinical manifestations are massive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hypercholesterolemia, systemic depressive edema and abnormal renal function. In the course of treatment, comprehensive measures such as rest, nutrition, water and electrolyte balance maintenance, infection prevention, diuresis and detumescence were adopted. Glomerular disease is a common and frequently-occurring disease in childhood, and is also one of the main causes of irreversible End Stage Renal Disease.

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