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Right Diagnosis Plays A Vital Role in Choosing PKD Treatment

Provided by Expert Zhang Youkang on 2012-11-22 16:45

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic kidney disorder. As there is no cure for it, early inspection and treatment is very important to delay its progression.Right diagnosis plays a vital role in choosing PKD treatment.


As PKD progresses slowly, you may not show symptoms in early stages. However, with progression, a myriad of symptoms will occur like frequent kidney or urinary tract infections, frequent urination, bloody urine, high blood pressure, back and flank pain, enlarged abdomen, etc. If you have these symptoms for no clear reasons, you should go to see a doctor for further diagnosis.

Imaging tests

Imaging tests mainly include ultrasound, computerized tomography(CT) and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) scans can detect the size and number of cysts, as well as evaluate the amount of healthy kidney tissues you have. When the cysts grow to about a half inch long, they can be detected with imaging tests. By the age of 30, if there are more than 2 cysts in each cysts together with a family history of PKD, you may be diagnosed with the disease.

Renal function test

After PKD is confirmed, renal function test will be performed to evaluate the severity of kidney damage. It can help your doctor to find the right treatment based on your individualized illness condition.

Genetic testing

The above two tests for PKD are performed when you cysts present on kidneys or kidneys have been damaged severely. Genetic testing can help to determine if you will develop PKD if there is a family history of the disease. A blood sample is used to test for the gene mutations that cause the disease. This test can improve your awareness to prevent the disease as early as possible.

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